We all run into problems when sewing from time to time. These are some common ones, and how you might want to solve them. We hope this helps!
Skipped stitches can occur for many reasons. It can depend on which thread you are using. Some machines are more sensitive than others, and one way to find out the quality of the thread is to hold it against the light and see how fuzzy it is. A good quality thread won’t be fuzzy.
Skipped stitches can also appear if your needles are damaged. Switch to new needles and see if the problem persists. It can also be that your machine is not threaded properly, or that too much dust has been gathered underneath the stitch plate. Try to clean your machine.
The fabric, or hem, gets wavy when sewing
Try to press your fabric gently with steam, that can help a stretched fabric to shrink a bit.
You can also try to reduce the presser foot pressure when sewing, to avoid the fabric to stretch. If that doesn’t help, try to change to a walking foot instead. If you are using a serger try to adjust the differential feed by increasing it a bit, to avoid wavy fabric.
The fabric stretches when sewing
Be sure not to pull your fabric while sewing, nor let it hang from the table. That can stretch it out. Also, reduce the presser foot pressure when sewing, to avoid the fabric to stretch. If that doesn’t help, switch your presser foot to a walking foot instead.
The thread gets tangled up
This can occur depending on what thread you are using. Some machines are more sensitive than others. One way to find out the quality of the thread is to hold it against the light and see how fuzzy it is. A good quality thread won’t be fuzzy. But it can also mean that your machine needs to be cleaned, or that it needs service.
The zipper moves when I’m about to sew it into place
Use Aqua glue marker or Wonder tape to fixate the zipper to both layers of fabric before sewing.
The fabric edges curl
It’s common for a stretch fabric to curl at the edges, especially after being washed. You can carefully press the fabric down with your fingers and pin it into place.
The seam pops
If the seam pops it can be because you haven’t used an elastic seam, or one that isn’t elastic enough. For example, a straight stitch is not elastic and should not be used on a knit garment.
If you sew with a twin needle and the seams break, change to a zig zag stitch, or another decorative elastic stitch, instead.
The machine eats the fabric
This can occur when the needle is thicker than the fabric you’re sewing in. Try to change the needle.
If the fabric gets pulled under the stitch plate at the beginning of a seam, try to start a little bit further in. Then you can turn your fabric and eventually sew that missing part after finishing the seam.